Bacillus anthracis is an aerobic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium. The spore-forming pathogen belongs to the Bacillaceae family. Bacillus anthracis is the pathogen of anthrax. It leads to cutaneous, gastrointestinal and pulmonary anthrax. The diagnosis of Bacillus anthracis has gained in importance in view of terrorist acts and the possibility to use it as bioweapon.
Bacillus anthracis is primarily transmitted by infected animals.
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