Mycoplasma pneumoniae lacks a cell wall and has a spherical (in the air) or filamentous (on contact with superficial tissue) morphology. It belongs to the family of Mycoplasmataceae.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae partly lives intracellularly, mainly colonises the respiratory tracts mucous membranes and triggers atypical pneumonia. Severe courses were observed in humans with weakened immune system, prior other bacterial, pulmonary infections, or when suffering from sickle cell anaemia.
Transmission mainly occurs via droplets or particles in the air.
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