Plasmodium spp. is a genus of protozoal (single-celled) parasites that are usually transmitted by mosquitoes and belong to the Plasmodiidae family. Four species of plasmodium infect humans (P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, P. falciparum) and trigger different forms of malaria.
Plasmodium spp. are primarily transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes.
For a successful inactivation of parasites, specific disinfectants effective against parasites are required.