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Curved, straight or bean-shaped: bacilli come in many variants and are widely spread.

Salmonella spp.

Salmonella spp. comprises facultative anaerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria of the Enterobacteriaceae family. With respect to the pathogenesis, Salmonella spp. are divided into typhoid and enteritic salmonellosis. Both elicit gastroenteritis; but the courses of disease are different.

The main transmission path is direct or indirect contact with contaminated persons or objects.

» Necessary spectrum of antimicrobial activity